In this article, I have described show you how to Set Folder Security for Shared Folders on Windows folder that is being used to hold Web site information. Remember, these permissions can only affect how other users can access the files over a Network File System (NFS) or Server Message Block (SMB) share, but do not affect how users access the files and folders in Internet Information Services (IIS).
Translating UNIX Permissions to Windows
Many of the UNIX platforms use a simple user/group/other as well as read/write/execute combination to set permissions for a specific file or folder. Take for instance you can set permissions on a file such that it is readable by everybody, and only writable only by the user and group owner. There are also other specific behaviors in UNIX, for example, users can only access the contents or the list of files and folders, for folders that have Execute permissions. Furthermore, UNIX uses the Execute permission bit attached to files to identify those files that can be run. Then if UNIX recognizes the file as a binary file, the file is run as a native binary. Else, if it is a text file, UNIX looks at the first line to check which program is used to run the file.
In the Windows model, there is a little different, though the basic concepts are the same. Windows files and folders can have Read and Write permissions and these permissions are given explicitly to individual users or groups of users instead of to the owner, the group owner, or everybody. You can as well decide whether to explicitly allow or deny these permissions to this user or group. Consequently, Windows uses specific permissions to allow users to access folder content. Windows does not use Execute permissions on files. Windows uses the file name extension to determine whether a file including script files can be run.
The list below describes the basic rules used for translating access permissions:
- The Read permission on a folder in UNIX is the same thing as the Read permission in Windows.
- The Write permission on a folder in UNIX is the same thing as the Write permission in Windows.
- The Read and Execute permissions on a file in UNIX are the same as the Read and Execute permissions in Windows.
- The Write permission on a file in UNIX is the same thing as the Modify permission in Windows.
- The Execute permission on a folder in UNIX is the same thing as the List Folder Contents permission in Windows.
- The Read, Write, Execute permissions on a file or folder in UNIX is the same thing as the Full Control permissions in Windows.
Setting Permissions for a File or Folder.
- Use Windows Explorer to locate the file or folder for which you want to edit its permissions.
- Right-click the folder.
- Then click Properties.
- Click the Security tab.
To add a new access control setting to the folder.
- Click Add.
- Select the users, computers, or groups.
- Click Add.
- Then click OK.
To remove an access control setting.
- Click Remove.
To edit the permissions for any group.
- Select the user or group.
- Then use the corresponding check boxes in the Permissions pane.
- Click OK to accept the settings.
- Click Cancel to cancel any changes you have made.
- Click Apply to apply the changes without closing the file or folder properties.
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